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Canada has long been a destination of choice for immigrants worldwide, thanks to its diverse culture, robust economy, and inclusive policies. As we look forward to 2024, several trends in Canadian immigration and internal interprovincial migration are set to shape the country’s demographic landscape. Let’s dive into what you can expect in the coming year.

Knowing what to expect in immigration and migration helps individuals make informed decisions about their future. Whether you’re an aspiring immigrant, a policymaker, or a business owner, being aware of these trends can provide a competitive edge.


Understanding immigration trends is crucial for anyone planning to move to Canada or those already residing in the country. These trends influence policies, economic opportunities, and social dynamics, making it essential to stay informed.

According to Statistics Canada, as of January 1, 2024, Canada’s population reached 40,769,890 inhabitants, which corresponds to an increase of 1,271,872 people compared with January 1, 2023. This was the highest annual population growth rate (+3.2%) in Canada since 1957 (+3.3%). In 2023, the vast majority (97.6%) of Canada’s population growth came from international migration (both permanent and temporary immigration) and the remaining portion (2.4%) came from natural increase.

Economic Influences on Immigration

Canada’s economic landscape plays a significant role in shaping immigration trends. The job market and economic policies are particularly influential.

Job Market Dynamics

The Canadian job market is evolving, with a growing demand for skilled professionals in technology, healthcare, and engineering. This demand is expected to drive immigration policies to attract talent in these sectors.

Economic Policies Impacting Immigration

Economic policies, such as tax incentives and investment opportunities, will likely continue to attract foreign investors and entrepreneurs. These policies not only boost the economy but also create job opportunities for Canadians and immigrants alike.

Political Factors Shaping Immigration

Government policies and provincial programs are pivotal in determining the flow of immigrants into Canada.

Government Immigration Policies

The federal government is anticipated to maintain its pro-immigration stance, aiming to welcome over 400,000 new immigrants annually. This includes skilled workers, family reunifications, and refugees.

Every non-election year, the Government of Canada is required to release its immigration targets on the number of permanent residents that will be admitted to Canada in the upcoming years. As per 2023-2025 Immigration Plan, Canada aims to welcome 485,000 new permanent residents in 2024, which is slightly increased from 2023’s target of 465,000. Of this 2024 target, 58 percent will enter under the economic class, 24 percent under the family class, and 19 percent under the humanitarian class.

Provincial Immigration Programs

Provinces like Ontario, British Columbia, and Alberta are enhancing their provincial nominee programs (PNPs) to address specific labor market needs. These programs are tailored to attract immigrants who can contribute to the local economy.

Social Factors and Immigration

Social dynamics, including cultural diversity and family reunification, significantly influence immigration trends.

Cultural Diversity and Inclusion

Canada’s commitment to multiculturalism makes it a welcoming destination for immigrants. Initiatives promoting diversity and inclusion will continue to play a crucial role in attracting immigrants from various backgrounds.

Family Reunification Programs

Family reunification remains a cornerstone of Canada’s immigration policy. In 2024, we can expect more streamlined processes and increased quotas to help families reunite more quickly.

Special Immigration Programs

Over the past few years, numerous temporary immigration programs have been introduced by the IRCC (Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada) to assist those affected by humanitarian crises across the globe. Immigrants from Afghanistan, Ukraine, Iran, Hong Kong, Turkiye, Syria, Israel, Gaza and Sudan became eligible to apply under these new special immigration programs for temporary and permanent residence to Canada. It is expected that IRCC will continue to respond to global humanitarian crises in 2024.

Changing Public Opinion About Canadian Immigration

The Environics Institute, as part of its Focus Canada public opinion research program (launched in 1976), updated its research on Canadian attitudes about immigration and refugees. Over the past year Canadians have become more negative about the direction of the country and the economy, and in governments’ ability to plan for future challenges. Inflation and the cost of living, along with housing affordability and interest rates, are now seen as the top issues facing the country.


Internal migration within Canada is also undergoing significant changes, influenced by economic opportunities and lifestyle preferences. For the third straight year, interprovincial migration is at levels not seen in 30 years.

According to Statistics Canada, approximately 333,000 Canadians moved from one province or territory to another in 2023, the second-highest number recorded since the 1990s and the third straight year that interprovincial migration topped 300,000.

Alberta Tops The Chart In Interprovincial Migration Gains

Alberta saw the largest net gain in interprovincial migration in 2023, adding 55,107 people. This was the largest gain in interprovincial migration nationally since comparable data became available in 1972. Alberta has been recording gains in population from interprovincial migration since 2022, a reverse of the trend seen from 2016 to 2021, when more people left the province than arrived from other parts of Canada.

Net interprovincial migration was also positive in Nova Scotia (+6,169 people), New Brunswick (+4,790) and Prince Edward Island (+818), although all three Maritime provinces gained fewer interprovincial migrants in 2023 than in the previous two years.

Ontario Sees Net Outflow Of Migrants

Nationally, Ontario (-36,197) lost the greatest number of people to other provinces and territories in 2023, following a loss of 38,816 people in 2022. The only other times (since comparable data became available) a province has lost more than 35,000 people due to migration to other parts of Canada occurred in Quebec in 1977 (-38,498 people) and 1978 (-36,955).

Unlike the neighbouring Alberta, British Columbia had more Canadians move out than in, meaning that, in 2023, net interprovincial migration (-8,624) was negative for the first time since 2012. In general, the largest migration flows for British Columbia and Alberta are with each other, and most of the net loss from British Columbia in 2023 was to Alberta.

Movement from Rural to Urban Areas

Urbanization continues to be a dominant trend, with many Canadians moving from rural areas to cities in search of better job opportunities and amenities.

Inter-Provincial Migration Patterns

Inter-provincial migration is on the rise, with people moving to provinces with stronger economies and job markets. Alberta and British Columbia are among the top destinations for internal migrants.

Impact of Climate Change on Migration

Climate change is emerging as a significant factor influencing migration patterns.

Environmental Refugees

As climate change impacts become more pronounced, Canada may see an increase in environmental refugees. These are individuals forced to leave their homes due to extreme weather events and environmental degradation.

Climate-Resilient Cities

Cities are adopting climate-resilient strategies to accommodate new residents and protect existing populations. These initiatives are critical for managing the impacts of climate change on urban migration.

Future Predictions for Canadian Immigration

Looking ahead, several predictions can be made about Canadian immigration and migration trends.

Short-Term Predictions for 2024

In the short term, expect a continued emphasis on attracting skilled workers, with specific focus on technology and healthcare sectors. Government policies will likely support higher immigration quotas to meet labor market demands.

Long-Term Trends in Canadian Immigration

Long-term trends indicate a steady increase in immigration, driven by economic needs and demographic changes. Canada will continue to be a top destination for immigrants due to its strong economy, political stability, and inclusive policies.


In summary, 2024 is set to be an exciting year for Canadian immigration and internal interprovincial migration. With economic, political, social, and technological factors all playing crucial roles, understanding these trends can help you navigate the landscape more effectively.

Final Thoughts As we move into 2024, staying informed about these trends is more important than ever. Whether you’re considering moving to Canada or are already a resident, understanding the factors at play can help you make the best decisions for your future.


1. What are the main factors influencing Canadian immigration in 2024?
Economic conditions, government policies, social dynamics, and technological advancements are the main factors.

2. How will technology impact Canadian immigration processes in 2024?
Technology, especially AI and online applications, will streamline and speed up immigration processes.

3. What trends are expected in internal migration within Canada?
Expect continued urbanization and increased inter-provincial migration, particularly to economically strong provinces.

4. How is climate change affecting migration to and within Canada?
Climate change is leading to increased environmental refugees and prompting cities to adopt climate-resilient strategies.

5. What sectors are likely to drive immigration to Canada in 2024?
The technology and healthcare sectors are expected to be significant drivers of immigration due to high demand for skilled professionals.

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